John Wesley United Methodist Church
Organ sound has a very special vocabulary. Organ sounds or colors are divided into several categories. 1) Flutes - which all somewhat resemble the sound of an orchestral flute. Flutes tend to be rather sweet and round in tone. 2) Principals - are the typical sound of an organ introducing and leading a congregational hymn... Broad, silvery, commanding in tone. This is the truest of the organ sounds; the Organ Principals are true organ sound, and do not imitate any other instrument. 3) Strings - which seek to somewhat imitate the sound of orchestral violins, violas and cellos. Strings are usually played sounding at least two notes for every note pressed on the keyboard; one note is tuned perfectly, and the other is tuned slightly sharp or flat, creating a shimmering effect. This is called a string celeste (from the same root as the word celestial). 4) Reeds - This family of sound takes it's inspiration from orchestral Trumpets, Trombones, Oboes, Clarinets, etc. Many organ reeds today imitate ancient and obsolete instruments. The reeds are used for special coloring effects - for fire, pathos, tension or melancholy. 5) Mutations - These are off-pitch ranks. Stops of this nature give great color and point to musical lines. The organ at John Wesley has particularly prominent and distinctive mutation ranks.
The John Wesley Organ
Moller Pipe Organ (1971) - 10 Ranks
Moller Pipe Organ (2006) - 27 Ranks
Moller Pipe Organ (2016) - 36 Ranks